ARCHIDENDRON PAUCIFLORUM FRUIT
The 2015 Annual Fruit and Vegetable Plant Statistics data published by the Central Statistics Agency (BPS) in October 2016, that petai production (Parkia speciosa) as many as 261,063 tons, jengkol (Archidendron pauciflorum) as much as 58,691 tons, melinjo (Gnetum gnemon) as much 213,025 tons. The biggest centers for producing petai are Central Java Province with 72,757 tons equivalent to 27.86 percent nationally, while the biggest jengkol producing centers are West Java Province with 10,929 tons equivalent to 18.63 percent nationally.
Jengkol production spreads in almost all parts of Indonesia, but the spread is not evenly distributed. The production of jengkol in the regions of Bali and Nusa Tenggara, Sulawesi, Maluku and Papua is small. Whereas in Sumatra the production of jengkol is very abundant. On a national scale, the largest jengkol producing province is West Java province with production reaching 10,929 tons (18.63 percent), Lampung with 8,933 tons (15.22 percent), Central Java with 5,076 tons (8.65 percent), West Sumatra for 5,057 tons (8.62 percent), Banten with 4,868 tons (7.98 percent), South Sumatra with 4,021 tons (6.85 percent), Bengkulu with 3,645 tons (6.21 percent), North Sumatra with 3,423 tons (5 , 83 percent), and Jambi at 2,775 tons (4.73 percent).
|Pic : andirerei.com|
Previously, Jengkol cultivation was not in demand by reason of not producing it economically, but over time and the increasing number of jengkol enthusiasts, according to the balance of supply and demand in economic law, now Jengkol has a high economic value. Even though jengkol can cause side effects such as bad odor in urine, bad breath after consuming fresh fresh fruit as vegetables.
It is known that Jengkol has the ability to prevent diabetes and is diuretic and good for heart health as long as it is not over-consumed. In addition, jengkol plants are also estimated to have the ability to absorb higher ground water so that it is useful in the water conservation process.
Not only sold in traditional markets, jengkol is now also sold in modern market outlets (supermarkets) even on e-comerce (online) sites with selling prices of around Rp. 40,000 - Rp. 60,000 per kilogram. Later, the price of jengkol in the markets of several regions in the country even touched the selling price of around Rp 100,000 per kilogram.
I do not know why because the price of Jengkol can be very economical like that, but what is certain is that the people's need for jengkol is indeed increasing every day. The proof is that the production of national jengkol as much as around 60,000 tons per year is always absorbed by the market. And given the high price of jengkol in the market, it can be concluded that in fact the supply of 60,000 tons of jengkol per year is still not sufficient for the people's demand.
This condition makes the economic potential of Jengkol cultivation very large. With the production of 60,000 tons per year, the selling price of IDR 40,000 per kilogram alone, Jengkol's market capitalization will reach IDR 2.4 trillion. Amount not small for jengkol commodity size.
Jengkol gardening business is actually very feasible to do considering that jengkol is worth selling high but is easy to cultivate. Jengkol can grow anywhere without complicated handling and maintenance. Jengkol is beneficial for health (as long as it is consumed not in excessive amounts). Can be processed into a variety of cuisines such as semur jengkol, jengkol rendang, jengkol fried sambal, stir-fried jengkol or consumed directly as fresh vegetables or melenih first processed into jengkol crackers.
In the fourth or fifth year after planting, jengkol usually begins to bear fruit even though there are not many, the production is only around 15-25 kilograms per tree. Healthy trees with the age of 10 years and above can usually produce around 200 kilograms of fresh jengkol fruit per season.
With a spacing of 10 meters x 10 meters, then an area of 1 (one) hectare can be planted with around 100 jengkol trees with productivity reaching 20 tons per harvest season. If the jengkol in the garden is valued by the collector for IDR 20,000 per kilogram, then the value of the Rupiah that can be obtained is IDR 20,000 x 20,000 kilograms = IDR 400,000,000 per season. Jengkol has been transformed into one part of the economic wheel of society.
If you have land unemployed, there is nothing wrong if you "invest" jengkol. With that you will harvest the fruit and sell the tree trunks if it is unproductive. In fact, you contribute oxygen (O2) produced by the jengkol tree which is needed by mankind, to preserve the function of the water system, and to collect sheets of Rupiah.
Thus, hopefully useful.