FOREST AND DEVISA
The September 2018 Foreign Trade Statistics Bulletin published by the Central Statistics Agency (BPS) released data that the value of commodity exports from Indonesia to export destination countries in the period January - September 2018 reached USD135.08 billion. The main export destination countries include the United States, China, Japan, India, Australia, South Korea, the European Union and countries in the ASEAN region.
The exported commodities consist of oil and gas as well as non-oil and natural gas commodities. Non-oil and natural gas commodities include manufacturing, metal, chemical and processed products from biological resources, for example processed wood products or processed products made from plantation crops such as rubber.
Data from the Directorate General of Sustainable Production Forest Management at the Ministry of Environment and Forestry shows that the export value of processed forest products (wood) in the period reached USD9.28 billion, with commodities exported including pulp and paper, woodworking, veneers, wood chips , wood panels, furniture, prefabricated buildings, and handicraft products made from wood.
That the acquisition of foreign exchange from exports of processed product commodities made from wood forest products (originating from forest areas or from private forests / community forests) is equivalent to 6.87% of the total value of Indonesian exports. Such a contribution can be achieved by the number of workers (private) involved in it around 400,000 people, both in the upstream (forest) and in the downstream (processing industries) throughout the country.
With the total population of Indonesia in 2018 estimated at 270 million people, the number of workers involved in this sector does not reach 1% of the total population of Indonesia, but only around 0.15%. However, its contribution to foreign exchange earnings reached 6.87% of the acquisition of national foreign exchange.
The area of production forest is currently around 68.8 million hectares, equivalent to 35.80% of Indonesia's land area, which covers around 192.20 million hectares. The area of production forest area managed or managed within the framework of sustainable production forest management is around 30.45 million hectares, equivalent to 44.26% of the total production forest area. If in the future the utilization of production forest areas can be more than 44.26%, it can be ascertained that the contribution of foreign exchange earnings from this sector can reach double digits.
|Pic : andirerei.com|
The amount of contribution (economy) above only comes from export activities, then what about the contribution in the economy in the country? Of course very much, given that aside from resources originating from forest areas (production), it also comes from forest rights the people who reach millions of hectares with timber production of millions of cubic meters.
Forests and foreign exchange are closely related, in addition to orological functions, climatological functions, hydrological functions, strategic functions, economic functions are also stored with enormous potential to be utilized.
And one more thing, the forest functions aesthetically, in which there are various types of flora and fauna, even our forests are where thousands of beautiful orchid species grow and some of them are endemic to Indonesia. Therefore, it is no exaggeration if all foresters throughout the country call our forest "the most park where we work".
Thus, hopefully useful.